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How to Identify Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP) in Cats

Updated: Nov 15, 2023



Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP) is a serious and often fatal illness in cats caused by Feline Coronavirus (FCoV). Early detection and treatment are crucial to ensuring the best possible outcome and recovery of affected cats. This article will discuss the steps you can take to identify FIP in your cat.



Symptoms of FIP in Cats

FIP symptoms can vary greatly, depending on the form of the virus. Some of the most common symptoms include:

  • Fever

  • Loss of appetite

  • Weight loss

  • Abdominal swelling

  • Coughing

  • Difficulty breathing

  • Fluid accumulation in the chest or abdominal cavity


Diagnostic Tests for FIP

To confirm a diagnosis of FIP in your cat, several tests should be performed. These tests include:

  • Physical examination of FIP symptoms

  • FCOV AB Test: This test looks for antibodies to the virus that causes FIP (PCR test is not advised as it is costly and results in inconclusive)

  • Rivalta Test: This test is performed if there is fluid accumulation in the abdominal cavity.

  • Hematology and Chemistry Blood Tests: These tests help to confirm levels of albumin, globulin, liver and kidney values.

  • Xray or Ultrasound (USG): This test is used to confirm fluid in the abdominal cavity.



Treatment for FIP

FIP was once considered a death sentence for cats. However, with the availability of GS-441524 treatment, the prognosis for FIP cats has greatly improved. This treatment has been proven effective in treating FIP, and it is now possible for cats with FIP to lead long and healthy lives. If you suspect that your cat has FIP, it is important to consult with a veterinarian as soon as possible to ensure prompt and effective treatment.

Diagnostic treatment When the condition arises where all of the diagnostic tests do not clearly indicate if a cat is FIP likely, but the cat is exhibiting FIP symptoms, a diagnostic treatment will be recommended. Diagnostic treatment, which is to give the cat FIP treatment for about 2 weeks - and determine if the cat is responding well to the treatment.





2 scenarios:

  • Cat responds well to the treatment, this will confirm the FIP of the cat and the treatment will need to be completed in 84 days.

  • Cat does not respond to the treatment- this shows that the drug is not helping the cat and it is likely the cat does not have FIP, further diagnosis will be advised.


Conclusion

In conclusion, FIP is a serious illness that can have a devastating impact on cats. By understanding the symptoms and diagnostic tests for FIP, you can take the necessary steps to protect your cat from this serious condition. If you suspect your cat has FIP, we recommend consulting us at Basmi FIP via LINE for further information on treatment options. If you want to discuss more about FIP Virus and its treatment, you can contact us on Facebook or Instagram to get in touch with our expert team.


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